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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused bacteria that are spread from person to person through the air. TB usually affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body such as the brain, the kidneys, or the spine.

6 TB Facts:

  • In 2020 alone, an estimated 10 million people fell ill with TB. It has killed more people over the last decade than any other infectious disease.

  • A total of 1.5 million people died from TB in 2020–including 214k people with HIV. Worldwide, TB is the 13th leading cause of death and the second leading infectious killer after COVID-19 (above HIV/AIDS).

  • TB is present in all countries and age groups. In 2020, 1.1 million children fell ill with TB globally. .

  • Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) is a public health crisis and a health security threat. Only about one in three people with drug resistant TB accessed treatment in 2020.

  • Globally, nearly half of all TB-affected households face costs higher than 20% of their household income as a result of a case of the disease in the family. 

  • Ending the TB epidemic by 2030 is among the health targets of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

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